Amsler Grid

The Amsler grid is a useful tool to detect vision problems resulting from damage to the macula (the central part of the retina).

Report any irregularity to your eye care professional immediately.

The grid does not replace having your macula tested by an eye care professional, particularly if you are over 50 yrs old or have any risk factors for macular degeneration.

Amsler Grid

How to do it

  1. Cover one eye, then focus on the dot in the centre.
  2. Do any of the lines look wavy, blurred or distorted?
  3. Are there any missing areas or dark areas in the grid?
  4. Don't forget to test
    both eyes.

Mrs Sandra Budd  Back to About Us


With 37 years of health service experience, Sandra Budd has proven herself a leader in New Zealand and Australian health sectors. Sandra began her career in health in 1972 as a Registered General and Obstetrics Nurse, and then as a Registered Midwife. She remained on the “front lines” of health for over 20 years before moving into general management in the health sector.

During her career Sandra has managed major health services through significant change that have focused on improving quality and outcomes for clients. This was particularly evident during 12 year period at National Women’s Hospital where she implemented substantial change in service delivery for women and babies that focused on a patient first philosophy. She is proud of introducing a customer service model that saw the development of the highly sought after Cornwall Suite that rivaled similar service models in the private sector.

Prior to her appointment as Chief Executive of the RNZFB in July 2007, Sandra spent 4 years as Executive Director of Clinical Services of the South Australian Children, Youth and Women’s Health Service. She completed her 7 year Australian experience as Executive Director, Workforce Development for the Greater Southern Area Heath Service in New South Wales, responsible for strategic workforce planning for over 5,000 staff.

With this wide experience in human services organisation, service delivery and advocacy Sandra has consistently built consensus amongst disparate stakeholder groups as she led her various organisations forward.

Sandra's philosophy is putting the client at the centre of everything the Foundation is and does. She has personally driven the bold “RNZFB 2020 – Sustaining our Future” project that has led to the development of the Foundations new strategic direction which clearly defines its focus on essential blindness skills, developing a human rights perspective and a commitment to work with partners to achieve improved population health outcomes for all blind and partially sighted people in New Zealand.

The RNZFB strong commitment to supporting individuals affected by Macular Degeneration to have a “Fair Go” in society has encouraged the Foundations Board to collaborate on the development of the Macular Degeneration New Zealand (MDNZ) Trust and to support Sandra’s participation as a Board Trustee.

Sandra Budd

Learn more about Macular Degeneration

Find out how MD affects the lives of real New Zealanders. Watch the video, learn about the risks and see how MD is a growing problem in our society.


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Map: Where is MD in NZ?

Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a growing problem in NZ. Total prevalence is predicted to be 206,908 in 2018.

View more

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Getting tested is simple

There is a quick and easy way to tell if MD affects your vision.  Click on the link below to see if you have the common warning signs.

Test Button

 MDNZ Website 3steps

What you need to know

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What's the chance?

In New Zealand MD affects 1 in 7 people over the age of 50 years

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Smokers have 3 times the risk of developing MD and tend to develop MD 10 years earlier than non-smokers

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Is it getting worse?

It is estimated the number of people with MD will increase by 70% by 2030

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More common than you think

Age related Macular Degeneration is the most common cause of blindness

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You need to know!

Of those most at risk (50+) 67% have heard of MD and only 48% understand that it is an eye disorder. *Galaxy Poll March 2014

People with a family history of MD have a 50% chance of inheriting the genetic predisposition of developing MD.

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What if I don't have treatment?

Untreated, the majority of people with wet MD become functionally blind within 2 years

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